|Chongqing is the usual embarkation point for the journey downstream. The new municipality, established in 1997, is the main industrial centre of southwest China. It served as the country’s capital during the Sino-Japanese War, when the city’s notorious foggy weather saved it from Japanese bombers. Chongqing’s history dates to the fourth century BCE, then known as Yuzhou. Its modern name Chongqing means ‘Double Celebration’, adopted by a Song dynasty prince-cum-emperor from Yuzhou.|
Built at the confluence of the Yangzi and Jialing rivers, it was a
settlement of strategic importance, serving as the capital of the
ancient state of Ba during the fourth century BCE. Little is known about
the men of Ba, except that they buried their dead in wooden coffins
which were then placed on cliff ledges or in caves high above the river.